Cream -> Ice Cream Gelato
Ice Cream Gelato
Gelato is an Italian frozen dessert made
up of milk (or also soy milk) and sugar, combined with other
necessary flavorings. The gelato ingredients (after an optional
pasteurization) are super-cooled while stirring to the break
up ice crystals as they are form. Like high end cool ice
cream gelato generally has less than 35% air –
resulting in a dense and is extremely flavorful product.
Gelato had become a generic
Italian word for ice
cream, though true gelato contains no ice cream.
The same word is commonly used in the English speaking countries
to refer to "ice cream" that is also prepared in
the Italian way. Gelato comes from the Italian word glare,
meaning "to freeze."
Gelato is a typically made
with some fresh fruit and other ingredients such as chocolate
(pure chocolate, flakes, chips, candies, truffles, etc.),
nuts, small candies, sweets, or also with cookies. Outside
Italy it is often made by using fruit pastes imported from
Italy. Gelato made up with water and without dairy ingredients
is also called as sorbets.
Dairy gelato is made with
whole cow's milk and real contains 4–8% fat depending
on the ingredients (nuts, milk, or cream might increase the
fat content). North American-style
ice creams contain more fat than compared to
gelato, ranging from 12% to 20% since more cream is used in
it. Like high-end ice cream, good quality gelato combines
high quality ingredients with milk and also with cream, soy
milk, and water. Gelato is usually made with whole milk which
contain 3 - 4% butterfat - and often cream is added to raise
the fat level. Unlike normal ice cream, gelato ingredients
are not homogenized together, and they result is a thinner
consistency than ice cream as the product melts.
Some gelato recipes call for
eggs, even though with the homogenization of the Italian gelato
culture and mixes and the stabilizers readily available and
in use, eggs are being phased out as emulsifiers.
Gelato is served from a different
freezer than American style normal ice cream
- a forced air freezer - which is usually held at about -20°C
(5 - 8°F). This allows the gelato to be served immediately
after it is being extruded from the gelato machine - the "forced
air" blowing around holds the product at the consistent
temperature. The best gelato can be made fresh daily. Much
of the gelato experience is in the semi frozen consistency,
therefore, you may serve ice cream from a gelato freezer but
you may not serve gelato from an ice cream freezer - the gelato
might become too frozen.
Other countries make ice creams
similar to the gelato - in Argentina; helado is made up of
much the same way. And in the France, though usually slightly
higher in the fat, Glace is a quite similar product and, in
fact, was introduced in France by Catherine de' Medici (of
Some Italian food products
are used gelato as a main ingredient. These may include ice
cream cake, semifreddos (gelato cake), spumoni, cassata, Tartuffe,
and fruit-filled gelato candies and also mignon.
at Fennochio's in Nice Chocolate
Bacau (chocolate and hazelnut)
Stracciatella (vanilla and chocolate) with nuts covered in
3 pounds peaches, peeled and
1/4cup sugar, or more, to taste
1/2 cup mascarpone, crème fraîche or yogurt
Cut the peaches into very
small pieces. The smaller you cut them, the faster they will
freeze and the finer the final texture will be. Arrange the
peach pieces in a single layer on a rimmed cookie sheet and
freeze solid, about 2 hours.
Put the frozen peach pieces
in a food processor with the sugar and grind briefly. Add
the mascarpone and pulse until the mixture is smooth.
Empty the food processor into
a small container and freeze again, 20 to 30 minutes, before
serving. If the ice
cream freezes solid, simply process it briefly
again before serving.